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Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

  • MS affects nerves in your brain and spinal cord. Nerves fibers (axons) are like wires that take messages from your limbs (arms and legs) to your brain. Your brain sends back a message to your arms and legs to help you move
  • Nerves have a padding that protects your message (Myelin). This Myelin becomes thin in MS. The nerve fiber (axon) also loses its ability to conduct message from brain to limbs
  • Why did I get MS?

    Your blood has an army that attacks viruses, and stops you from getting sick (anti-bodies). These anti-bodies are not supposed to attack your body (immunity). In MS, your anti-bodies starts attacking your nerves.

    How long will I have MS?

    It will stay with you for life. You will experience decreased mobility at times of a flare up (attack). This may last 24 hours to 4 weeks.
    • You may not have symptoms between attacks. (Relapsing, Remitting)
    • You may continue to get weak (Primary Progressive) Your symptoms may get worse later in life (Second-ary Progressive)

    What are my chances of getting MS?

    You may be at a higher risk of getting MS if you
    • Are a female
    • Are Caucasian/White
    • Are between 20-40 years old
    • Have a relative with MS
    • Live in British Isles, Germany, Scandinavia, North America or New Zealand (high-risk areas)
    • Have lived in a high risk area in the first 13 years of life
    • Have been exposed to Epstein-Barr virus or herpes virus

    What medicines may my doctor suggest in MS?

    He may give medicine to:
    • Adjust your immunity. These medicines can make your attacks less severe and less frequent. Betaseron, Copaxone, No-vantrone, Tysabri and Gilenya have been approved to change immunity in MS
    • Help recover from an attack quickly, as by using cortico-steroids.

    How will my body change with MS?

    You may have one or few of these symptoms. You may:
    • Have double vision
    • Feel fatigued
    • Get pins and needles, numbness, or weakness in arms and legs
    • May have less balance sitting, standing and walking
    • Less control over your movements (ataxia)
    • May not have clear speech (slurring)
    • Not be able to hold urine (in-con-ti-nence)
    • Experience muscle stiffness/spasticity